Tags: , , | Categories: Cây cảnh - Bonsai Posted by Sol on 17/11/2011 12:35 CH | Bình luận (26)

Về loại mai chiếu thuỷ cơ bản là có 3 loại, Lá lớn, Lá Nhỏ (Lá Kim), Lá Trung, còn về màu da của cây trong 3 loại đó còn có Màu Đen, Xanh, Vàng, Trắng. Và hiện nay trên thị trường còn có nhiều loại mai được coi là bị đột biến gien và do vùng đất trồng nên loại cây đó, như: Mai lá tứ, Kim thanh mai, Thanh mai....

Còn về phân biệt thì bạn nên sắp xếp tời vườn anh Vinh trên đó sẽ có những loại mai bạn cần và cách phân biệt cơ bản về chúng. Về kỹ thuật chăm sóc cây mai chiếu thuỷ thì rất đơn giản hơn các loại khác, nhưng quan trọng nhất đừng để cây quá ngậm úng nước. Chất trồng cơ bản nhất là tro chấu, sơ dừa và 1 ít phân bò là tốt nhất.

1. Lá lớn: Da trắng, da đen, da xanh, da vàng, da láng, nu thường , nu gò công, nu "mặt quỷ", nu "mận" (loại nu to như bướu), lá dài, lá tròn, hoa 20 cánh lá rũ, 20 cánh lá thẳng...

2. Lá trung: Trung nu, nu gò công, nu "Mặt quỷ", da xanh, da trắng, thanh mai, lá tứ, đuôi chồn.

(Thanh mai: hai lá đối xứng, ít nu, nếu có thì đều chạy dọc thân)


(Lá tứ: lá non trên cùng (những nhánh lá thẳng đứng) 4 chiếc lá trên cùng có hình chữ thập - nên gọi là lá tứ, nhiều nu)


3. Lá kim: Kim giòn, Kim thanh mai, Kim lá tứ, kim đuôi chồn, Lá tứ xù. (Hiện nay rất nhiều người hay nhầm cây thanh mai và cây kim thanh mai: Loại kim thanh mai đúng lá chỉ to hơn hạt tấm 1 chút thân xù xì, thường không có gốc to, tại dưới gốc mọc rất nhiều mầm con.

(Lá giòn: cũng là loại lá hướng thiên hình chữ thập, nhưng lá nhỏ dài nhỏ hơn, màu xanh nhạt hơn, ít nu hoặc không có)

 

(Kim thanh mai: lá cũng đối xứng 2 bên, khoảng cách lá rất khít, cây nhiều nu, kể cả cây non )


Ngoài ra còn loại mai chiếu thủy mình không rõ nguồn gốc ở đâu, có thể xuất phát từ khu vực Bình Phước là loại lá kim nhọn và nhỏ như hạt lúa thường dùng để ghép lồng mức làm cây trang trí.

Nguồn: ST

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